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Wednesday, March 21, 2012

Jaipur Tourism

Jaipur, also known as 'The Pink City', is one of the most fascinating tourist destinations in India. This capital city of Rajasthan, owes its name to the great warrior king, Sawai Jai Singh II who founded it in the year 1727.The city of Jaipur was planned by a young Bengali architect named Vidyasagar. Also known as 'The City of Victory', Jaipur has a rich cultural heritage, which gives it a distinct identity. The imposing forts, dazzling palaces, beautiful gardens and markets enthrall you further. Besides, there are a host of other tourist attractions in Jaipur, which makes it a place you should visit at least once in your lifetime. The best time to travel to Jaipur is during the winters (October to March).
Hawa Mahal

Hawa Mahal - is a palace in Jaipur, India. Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh the ruler of Rajasthan was the original planner and builder who built the Jaipur city in 1727. It was built in 1799 by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh. Lal Chand Usta was the architect of this unique structure in the form of the crown of Krishna the Hindu god, who also planned Jaipur city, Its unique five-storey exterior is also akin to the honeycomb of the beehive with its 953 small windows called jharukhas that are decorated with intricate lattice work. The original intention of the lattice was to allow royal ladies to observe everyday life in the street below without being seen, since they had to observe strict "purdah" (face cover). Royal family of Jaipur also used the Mahal as a hot weather retreat, during the suffocating summer season, for several years, since the unusually designed window screens provided the needed cool breeze. Built in red and pink coloured sand stone, in keeping with the décor of the other monuments in the city, its colour is a full testimony to the epithet of “Pink City” given to Jaipur. 
  • Except on Fridays, public are admitted to the Hawa Mahal and the visiting time is fixed at 10:00am to 4:30 pm.

Amer Fort 
Amer Fort - Amber Fort is located in Amber (Jaipur), which used to be the capital of the Kachhwaha clan, till Jaipur was made the official capital in 1727. In 1592, construction of the Fort was started by Raja Man Singh I. Amber Fort is usually pronounced as Amer Fort.
The Amber Fort looks stunning, all-built in white marble and red sandstone. The fort borders the Maotha Lake. The exterior of the Fort is not in the least like its interiors. The outside is very imposing and rugged looking whereas the inside is a comforting and warm interior which is influenced by both Hindu and Muslim style of ornamentation.  The intricate carvings on the walls and ceilings simply astonish the visitors. The mirror work adds to the grand appearance and royalty of the halls. The Fort has numerous other halls and pavilions with their own specific attraction (Diwan-I aam, Ganesh Pol, Jai Mandir).

JaiGarh Fort
JaiGarh Fort - Jaigarh Fort is located on the top of the hill, by the name of Cheel ka Teela (Hill of Eagles). Jaigarh Fort is also known as the 'Victory Fort', located at a comfortable distance of 15kms from Jaipur. Jaigarh Fort is considered as one of the spectacular forts in India. This Fort is on top of the hill, while Amber Fort is at the bottom. The forts are connected through well-guarded passages. Many consider the two together as one complex. Jaigarh Fort was made to tighten the security of Jaipur and Amber. The Fort has many structures of medieval India, which are worth exploring. It has several palaces, granary, well-planned cannon foundry, several temples and a tall tower. The water carriage system is also interesting. A number of water channels that are fed by the rain, run through the fort complex.   The highlight of this Fort is the massive cannon by the name of Jaivan.
 NaharGarh Fort
NaharGarh Fort - Nahagarh Fort stands on the edge of the Aravalli hills overlooking the pink city of Jaipur. Nahargarh Fort is the first of the three forts built by Maharaja Jai Sawai Singh in 1734. The Fort was made to serve as a means of supporting the security of Amer. New additions were made to the fort in the 19th century by Sawai Ram Singh II and Sawai Madho Singh II.  The term "Nahargarh" refers to "the Abode of Tigers", so it is also known as the Tiger Fort. The rooms are linked by corridors and still have some delicate frescos. There are nine apartments for the nine queens the Maharaja had and all are well planned and decorated. According to a legend, the Fort was named after a prince whose spirit used to haunt the site and would cause mischief so as to delay the construction of the fort. 
  • Best time to visit: October to February Visiting Hours: 10.00 a.m. - 5.00 p.m.

Birla Mandir
Birla Mandir -Birla Temple forms one of the major attractions of Jaipur.  Birla Temple is also known as Laxmi Narayan Temple. The Temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu (Narayan), the preserver and his consort Lakshmi, the Goddess of wealth. The Birla Mandir is situated just below the renowned Moti Dungri Fort.  The enormous temple was built during the year 1988, by Birla Group of Industries, one of the business tycoons of India. Birla Mandir is constructed in the finest quality of white marble. Keeping in mind the secular nature of the country, the temple has three domes, which represent different approaches to religion. Its looks stunning, when it is brightly lit in the night. 
  • Timings for Darshan: 06:00 A.M. - 12:00, 03:00 P.M. - 08:30 P.M.

 Central Museum (Albert Hall)
Central Museum (Albert Hall) - One of the oldest and the most famous Museum is the Government Central Museum or Albert museum was constructed under the supervision of a British Army officer, Lt. Swinton Jacob in the year 1876. Maharaja Ram Singh, who was then the king of Jaipur, wanted this building to be used as the town hall but his successor Madho Singh decided to convert the building to an art museum. It is located in the Ramnivas Gardens. It has many pillars, courtyards and arches that give it a very traditional yet elegant look. The upper floor/level of the Museum mainly has portraits of royalty and Jaipur Maharajas. It has an extensive collection of jewelry, metalwork and sculpture. The Central Museum also has a huge collection of miniature paintings from the Udaipur, Jaipur, Bundi, Kota and Kishangarh schools of painting. The capital of Rajasthan has many of the Museums in the state, that house the rarities and objects of the past that are today seen as a symbol of the rich heritage and cultural prosperity of India. 
  • Visiting Hours 10:30am-4:30pm.

 Albert Hall - Jaipur
Jantar Mantar

Jantar Mantar -The Jantar Mantar is a collection of architectural astronomical instruments, built by Maharaja (King) Jai Singh II at his then new capital of Jaipur, between 1727 and 1734. It is modeled after the one that he had built for him at the Mughal capital of Delhi. Jantar Mantar is wholly constructed with stone and marble He had constructed a total of five such facilities at different locations, including the ones at Delhi and Jaipur. Jantar Mantar means literally 'calculation instrument'. The observatory has fourteen statistical instruments for measuring time, predicting eclipses and to ascertain other astronomical events. The large Kranti Yantra was employed for the measurement of the longitude and latitude of the celestial bodies. The Small Ram Yantra and the Large Ram Yantra are used to find the altitude and the azimuth. The samrat yantra, for instance, which is a sundial, can be used to tell the time to an accuracy of about two seconds in Jaipur local time. Amongst all the instruments, the Sundial usually attracts the maximum attention of people. Today, Jantar Mantar has become a major tourist attraction in Jaipur.
  • Visiting Hour; 9:30am-4:30pm.

 City Palace
City Palace - The palace complex lies in the heart of Jaipur city. The beautiful palace was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh during his reign. City Palace complex covers a huge area, which is divided into a series of gardens, courtyards and buildings. He is credited with initiating construction of the city complex by building the outer wall of the complex spreading over many acres. The premises consists several buildings like Chandra Mahal;- is a seven-storeyed building and each floor has been given a specific name such as the Sukh-Niwas, Ranga-Mandir, Pitam-Niwas, Chabi-Niwas, Shri-Niwas and Mukut-Mandir or Mukut Mahal. It contains many unique paintings, mirror work on walls and floral decorations. Mubarak Mahal, meaning the 'Auspicious Palace’ It is a museum; a fine repository of variety of textiles such as the royal formal costumes, sanganeri block prints, embroidered shawls, Kashmiri pashminas and silk saris as part of the Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II Museum. Maharani’s Palace which was meant for royal queens has been converted into a museum, showcasing weapons dated back to 15th century.

Birla Science & Technology Centre

Birla Science & Technology Centre -Birla science & technology center” located in the heart of PinkCity. It’s surrounding in 9.5 acre complex, covered area of 2, 50,000 sq. ft., its including science museum, library, computer center, big exhibition hall and auditorium.   Birla Institute of Scientific Research (BISR) was established in realization of the dreams of visionary industrialist Mr Braj Mohan Birla. It is involved in fostering and promoting various aspects of Science and Technology and has multi-functional activities. Apart from Research and Development, it promotes science through Museum and Planetarium. It also has state of the art Convention Facility. The museum is closed on the last Wednesday of every month. 
  • Science Museum: - Show Timings: 10.00 a. m. to 7.00 p.m., Birla Planetarium: -Timing: 12.00hrs. to 19.00hrs.


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